Non-equilibrium Plasmas

  • Egidio Landi Degl’Innocenti
Part of the UNITEXT for Physics book series (UNITEXTPH)


In laboratory and astrophysical plasmas, the conditions of excitation of the atoms are determined not only by their interaction with the electromagnetic field, but also by collisional processes between the atoms and the particles of the plasma. In this chapter we show how it is possible to describe this type of processes and what is their impact on atomic populations.


Velocity Distribution Thermodynamic Equilibrium Source Function Maxwellian Distribution Kinetic Temperature 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Egidio Landi Degl’Innocenti
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica e AstronomiaUniversità degli Studi di FirenzeFlorenceItaly

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