Imaging Diseases of the Pharynx and Oral Cavity

  • Wendy R. K. Smoker
  • Bernhard Schuknecht


The pharynx is subdivided into the nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx. The nasopharynx joins the oropharynx at the level of the hard- and soft-palate junction, and the hypopharynx is the continuation of the oropharynx into the piriform sinus below the level of the pharyngo- and aryepiglottic folds. The pharynx is formed by the superior, middle, and inferior constrictor muscles. The nasopharynx is attached to the skull base by the pharyngobasilar fascia, the superior continuation of the superior pharyngeal constrictor muscle, and the musculoaponeurotic continuation of the middle layer of the deep cervical fascia (ML-DCF) that invests the pharyngeal muscles


Oral Cavity Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia Infantile Hemangioma Oral Tongue Lymphatic Malformation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy R. K. Smoker
    • 1
  • Bernhard Schuknecht
    • 2
  1. 1.Neuroradiology Fellowship ProgramThe University of Iowa Hospitals and ClinicsIowa CityUSA
  2. 2.Medizinisch Radiologisches Institut MRIZurichSwitzerland

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