Neuroradiological Diagnosis of Craniocerebral Trauma: Current Concepts

  • Paul M. Parizel
  • C. Douglas Phillips


When computed tomography (CT) scanning is available, plain skull films contribute little or no additional information to the clinical management of the acute trauma patient. Traditionally, X-ray films of the skull have been used to detect skull fractures, intracranial mass effect (pineal shift), air-fluid levels, foreign objects (metal, glass, projectile fragments, etc.). However, the diagnostic yield of plain X-ray films is low because there is poor correlation between skull fractures and intracranial injury. The availability of the CT scout view or scanogram as a stand-in for any potential gain of plain film radiography is a reasonable choice in imaging these patients.


Traumatic Brain Injury Fractional Anisotropy Epidural Hematoma Skull Fracture Mild Traumatic Brain Injury 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul M. Parizel
    • 1
  • C. Douglas Phillips
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAntwerp University Hospital, University of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Head and Neck ImagingWeill Medical College of Cornell University, New York Presbyterian HospitalNew YorkUSA

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