The History of Myocardial Revascularization Before the Advent of Cardiopulmonary Bypass

  • Marco PicichèEmail author


The history of myocardial revascularization, as is often the case with medical progress, is replete with stories of visionary research surgeons and inspired, persevering, and self-sacrificing innovators—courageous men whose minds were open to serendipitous observation, and who were inured to failure, criticism, and skepticism. It may well be that earlier attempts to achieve myocardial revascularization constitute a fertile pool of ideas from which current and future researchers can draw to elaborate derivative strategies that employ the tools of modern technology. Prior to the advent of cardiopulmonary bypass, myocardial revascularization strategies fell into three categories: extracardiac procedures, cardiac operations on noncoronary artery structures, and direct coronary artery surgery.


Total Thyroidectomy Coronary Sinus Internal Thoracic Artery Myocardial Revascularization Cardiac Vein 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Cardiac Surgery UnitSan Filippo Neri HospitalRomeItaly

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