Right Cardiac Catheterization After the Advent of Cpb

  • Achille Gaspardone
  • Giuilo G. Stefanini


In 1968 Harold Jeremy Swan and William (Vilem) Ganz invented the pulmonary arterial catheter, which represented one of the most practical devices in cardiology when it became commercially available in 1970. Observing the functioning of sailing boats in calm water of the coast of Santa Monica, Swan realized the effectiveness of a spinnaker in contrast to only a main and jib sailing rigging. This idea was the theoretical basis for the application of a balloon at the tip of a vascular catheter to navigate in the calm waters of the venous circulation.


Pulmonary Artery Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Acute Lung Injury Pulmonary Artery Catheter Surgical Revascularization 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Medicine, Division of CardiologyOspedale S EugenioRomeItaly

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