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Tetralogy of Fallot: the Failing Right Ventricle

  • Folkert J. Meijboom
  • Barbara Mulder

Abstract

In the most common form of ToF – a combination of a large, unrestrictive ventricular septal defect (VSD), an overriding aorta and a severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) – the prenatal loading conditions are similar to that of the normal heart, but from birth the right ventricle (RV) has abnormal loading conditions.

Keywords

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Right Ventricle Tricuspid Regurgitation Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction Tricuspid Annulus Planar Systolic Excursion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Cardiology and Pediatric CardiologyUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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