Tetralogy of Fallot: the Failing Right Ventricle

  • Folkert J. Meijboom
  • Barbara Mulder


In the most common form of ToF – a combination of a large, unrestrictive ventricular septal defect (VSD), an overriding aorta and a severe right ventricular outflow tract obstruction (RVOTO) – the prenatal loading conditions are similar to that of the normal heart, but from birth the right ventricle (RV) has abnormal loading conditions.


Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Right Ventricle Tricuspid Regurgitation Right Ventricular Ejection Fraction Tricuspid Annulus Planar Systolic Excursion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departments of Cardiology and Pediatric CardiologyUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUtrechtThe Netherlands

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