Radiological and Medico-legal Problems of Body-packing

  • Antonio Pinto
  • Ciro Stavolo
  • Carlo Muzj


We live in a world plagued by illicit drug traffic and drug use, in which the importation of illegal drugs is a major industry. Some of the bit players in this trade are the “mules” or “body-packers” who smuggle drugs past border patrols and Customs by ingesting drug-filled packets or by inserting them into their rectum or vagina.


Border Patrol Cocaine Powder Drug Smuggling Drug Courier Emergency Department Personnel 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Pinto
    • 1
  • Ciro Stavolo
    • 1
  • Carlo Muzj
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Diagnostic Radiological Imaging“A. Cardarelli” HospitalNaplesItaly

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