Preoperative Work-up: EsophagoGastroDuodenoScopy, Tracheobronchoscopy, and Endoscopic Ultrasonography

  • Luca Rodella
  • Angelo Cerofolini
  • Francesco Lombardo
  • Filippo Catalano
  • Walid El Kheir
  • Giovanni de Manzoni
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


Patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) frequently describe “alarm” symptoms, such as as dysphagia, bleeding, and weight loss. In these cases, endoscopy of the upper gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the first diagnostic examination usually performed. In a series of 4018 patients, Bowrey et al. [1] identified 123 cases of esophagogastric carcinoma (3%), and in 85% of these patients “alarm” symptoms were present. A comparison of this subgroup with the entire series showed that in the former the tumors were significantly more advanced (47% vs. 11%); there were fewer indications for surgery (50% vs. 95%) and a worse survival (median 11 vs. 39 months).


Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Endoscopic Mucosal Resection Superficial Esophageal Cancer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luca Rodella
    • 1
  • Angelo Cerofolini
  • Francesco Lombardo
  • Filippo Catalano
  • Walid El Kheir
  • Giovanni de Manzoni
  1. 1.Surgical Endoscopy UnitBorgo Trento HospitalVeronaItaly

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