Preoperative Work-up: Conventional Radiology, Ultrasonography, CT Scan, and MRI

  • Stefania Montemezzi
  • Daniela Cenzi
  • Massimiliano Motton
  • Thomas J. Re
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


The optimal assessment and staging of esophageal cancer (EC) is crucial as it has an important impact on patient selection with respect to appropriate treatment (surgery, neo-adjuvant therapy with or without surgery, palliative treatment) [1]. Preoperative evaluation requires knowledge of the esophageal anatomy and of the patterns of tumor spread. As mentioned in  Chap. 2, the staging criteria for esophageal cancer include depth of local invasion, nodal involvement, and presence or absence of distant metastases. The various imaging modalities have different strengths and weaknesses in evaluating each of these criteria such that a combined multimodality imaging approach is usually necessary for an optimal assessment [2].


Esophageal Cancer Perfusion Compute Tomography Conventional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Esophageal Wall Oral Contrast Medium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefania Montemezzi
    • 1
  • Daniela Cenzi
  • Massimiliano Motton
  • Thomas J. Re
  1. 1.Radiology UnitBorgo Trento HospitalVeronaItaly

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