Early Results: Morbidity, Mortality, and the Treatment of Complications

  • Giovanni de Manzoni
  • Andrea Zanoni
  • Jacopo Weindelmayer
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


Despite the significant technical improvements and advances in both surgical technique and peri-operative management, esophagectomy is still associated with high morbidity and mortality [1, 2, 3, 4]. The complication rate seems to be related to a number of factors; indeed, the characteristics and behavior of the patients as well as technical problems are often associated with an increased risk of postoperative complications following esophagectomy. Furthermore, multivariate analysis has pointed to a significantly higher risk of recurrence for patients with complications after esophagectomy than in those in whom the procedure was uneventful [5]. An accurate definition of a complication and a method to assess its severity are still lacking. Recently, a more accurate classification of surgical complications was proposed based on a cohort of 6336 patients (Table 16.1) [6].


Anastomotic Leak Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Pulmonary Complication Respiratory Complication Failed Extubation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giovanni de Manzoni
    • 1
  • Andrea Zanoni
  • Jacopo Weindelmayer
  1. 1.Dept. of Surgery, Upper G.I. Surgery DivisionUniversity of VeronaVeronaItaly

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