Acute Appendicitis

  • Antonino Mirabella
  • Nereo Vettoretto
  • Massimo Lupo
  • Fausto Di Marco
  • Vincenzo Mandalà
Part of the Updates in Surgery book series (UPDATESSURG)


Acute appendicitis is the leading cause of emergency surgery (250,000 operations every year in the United States), accounting for approximately 10% of inpatient admissions, with an incidence of 1/500–600 inhabitants, most commonly occurring in individuals less than 30 years of age and females (1.3–1.6/1). At a distance of a century from the first appendectomy codified by McBurney [1], in 1977 the Dutch surgeon Hans de Kok [2] performed the first laparoscope assisted appendectomy. Nonetheless, the technique remained almost unknown due to the local diffusion of his paper, until Semm [3], a German gynecologist, published the first laparoscopic appendectomy (LA) five years later.


Acute Appendicitis Laparoscopic Appendectomy Open Appendectomy Perforated Appendicitis Complicated Appendicitis 
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Suggested Readings

  1. Sauerland S, Agresta F, Bergamaschi R, Borzellino G, Budzynski A, Champault G, Fingerhut A, Isla A, Johansson M, Lundorff P (2006) Laparoscopy for abdominal emergencies. Evidencebased guidelines of the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery. Surg Endosc 20:14–29PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonino Mirabella
    • 1
  • Nereo Vettoretto
  • Massimo Lupo
  • Fausto Di Marco
  • Vincenzo Mandalà
  1. 1.Department of General and Emergency Surgery“Villa Sofia — Cervello” Hospital TrustPalermoItaly

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