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Fermi-Dirac Gases

  • Michele Cini
  • Francesco Fucito
  • Mauro Sbragaglia
Part of the UNITEXT book series (UNITEXT)

Abstract

An atomic nucleus of Helium consists of a gas of 0.18 nucleons in a volume of 1 fm3 (1fm = 10−13cm). In this system, we can find two kinds of nucleons (protons And neutrons) with spin S=1/2 and their masses, m n ≈ 1GeV, may be considered equal. Compute the Fermi energy for the system and comment about its nature at the ambient temperature. Assume that the particles are independent with a single particle energy
$$\varepsilon = \frac{{{p^2}}}{{2{m_n}}}$$
where p is the absolute value of the momentum. Also, make use of: h=7×10−24GeVS, 10−14cm≈7×10−25s, k=8.61×10−5eV/K

Keywords

Dynamical System Statistical Physic Ambient Temperature Atomic Nucleus Single Particle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michele Cini
    • 1
    • 2
  • Francesco Fucito
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mauro Sbragaglia
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PhysicsUniversity of RomeTor VergataItaly
  2. 2.Laboratori Nazionali FrascatiINFNItaly

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