Determinants and Physiological Limits of Cardiac Morphologic Adaptation in Elite Athletes

  • A. Pelliccia
  • A. Spataro
  • F. M. Di Paolo


Morphologic cardiac adaptation induced by athletic conditioning (athlete’s heart) has been recognized since the late century and to date, a large number of studies have described the morphologic features of the hearts of a variety of athletes engaged in different athletic disciplines [1–11]. However, some aspects of athlete’s heart are still topics of scientific interest, such as the physiological limits of morphological changes and the criteria of its differentiation from cardiovascular disease [12].


Elite Athlete Physiological Limit Left Ventricular Cavity Cross Country Skiing Left Ventricular Wall Thickness 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Pelliccia
    • 1
  • A. Spataro
    • 1
  • F. M. Di Paolo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of MedicineInstitute of Sport SciencesRomeItaly

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