Determinants and Physiological Limits of Cardiac Morphologic Adaptation in Elite Athletes
Morphologic cardiac adaptation induced by athletic conditioning (athlete’s heart) has been recognized since the late century and to date, a large number of studies have described the morphologic features of the hearts of a variety of athletes engaged in different athletic disciplines [1–11]. However, some aspects of athlete’s heart are still topics of scientific interest, such as the physiological limits of morphological changes and the criteria of its differentiation from cardiovascular disease .
KeywordsElite Athlete Physiological Limit Left Ventricular Cavity Cross Country Skiing Left Ventricular Wall Thickness
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