Mitral Valve Prolapse: Criteria of Prognostic Evaluation in Athletes

  • P. Zeppilli
  • F. Caretta


Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is said to exist when a leaflet(s) or its portion protrudes abnormally above the annular plane. In the large majority of cases no definite causes of this abnormality can be identified (primary or idiopathic MVP), but in a minority of persons MVP is due to an identifiable etiology (secondary prolapse) such as rheumatic fever, ischemia or infarction, cardiomyopathies and connective tissue disorders [1,2].


Mitral Valve Mitral Regurgitation Infective Endocarditis Marfan Syndrome Mitral Valve Prolapse 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Zeppilli
    • 1
  • F. Caretta
    • 1
  1. 1.Post-Graduate School of Sports MedicineCatholic UniversityRomeItaly

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