Acute Pain and Other Aspects of the Postoperative Period

  • N. Rawal
Conference paper


Apart from humanitarian considerations, adequate pain relief can be expected to modulate nociception-induced responses such as metabolic response to surgery, autonomic and cardiovascular responses with adverse effects on organ function and muscle spasm. Obvious economic gains can be expected from early ambulation, reduced morbidity and shorter hospitalization in the postoperative period. Early alimentation and return to normal living pattern will facilitate patient rehabilitation.


Epidural Analgesia Epidural Anaesthesia Postoperative Analgesia Epidural Morphine Epidural Block 
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© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

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  • N. Rawal

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