Advertisement

Management of the Postoperative Pain

  • P. Chiarandini
  • S. Donato
  • A. Pasetto
Conference paper

Abstract

In recent years many advances have been made in understanding the patho-physiology and the neural pathways of pain, as well as in developing new analgesic drugs and new routes of administration.

Keywords

Postoperative Pain Epidural Analgesia Patient Control Analgesia Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation Good Pain Relief 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Ready LB (1990) Acute postoperative pain. In: Miller RD (ed) Anesthesia 3rd ed. Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 2135–2146Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wilder Smith OH (1995) Pre-emptive analgesia. Anaesthesist. 44:[Suppl 3]:S529–S534Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Tramer MR, Schneider J, Marti RA et al (1996) Role of magnesium sulfate in postoperative analgesia. Anesthesiology 84:340–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Dahl JB, Kehlet H (1991) Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: rationale for use in severe postoperative pain. Br J Anaesth 66:703–712PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Raffa R, Fridericks E, Rerman W et al (1992) Opioid and non Opioid component independently contribute to the mechanism of action of tramadol: an “atypical” Opioid analgesic. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 260:275–285PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Moote C (1993) Techniques for post-op pain management in the adult. Can J Anaesth 40(5): R19–R24Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hill HF (1990) Clinical pharmacology of transdermal fentanyl. Eur J Pain 11:81–91Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Bulow HH, Linnermann M, Berg H et al (1995) Respiratory changes during treatment of postoperative pain with high dose transdermal fentanyl. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand. 39(6): 835–839PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    White DC (1982) The relief of postoperative pain. In: Atkinson RS, Hewer CL (eds) Recent advances in anesthesia and analgesia, London, Churchill LivingstoneGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Bonica JJ (1990) Postoperative pain. In: Bonica JJ (ed) The management of pain 2nd ed. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia, pp 461–480Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Shapiro BA, Warren J, Egol AB et al (1995) Practice parameters for intravenous analgesia and sedation for adult patients in the intensive care unit: An executive summary. Crit Care Med 23: 1596–1600PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pasetto A, Varutti AM, Bonfreschi V et al (1995) Patient controlled analgesia (PCA): clinical experience. In: Gullo A (ed) Proceedings of the lOth Postgraduate Course in Critical Care Medicine (APICE). Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York, pp 763–770Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Moote CA (1995) Postoperative pain management-back to basics. Can J Anaesth 42(6): 453–457.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Walker JS (1995) NSAID: an update on their analgesic effects. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol 22(ll):855–860PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Woolf CJ, Chong MS (1993) Preemptive analgesia-treating postoperative pain by preventing the establishment of central sensitization. Anesth Anaig 77:362–379Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    O’Hara DA, Fragen RJ, Kinzer M et al (1987) Ketorolac tromethamine as compared with morfine sulfate for treatment of postoperative pain. Clin Pharmacol Ther 41:556–561PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Izquierdo E, Fabregas N, Valero R et al (1995) Postoperative analgesia in herniated disk surgery. Comparative study of diclofenac, lysine acetylsalicylate and ketorolac. Rev Esp Anestesiol Reanim 42(8):316–319PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Parke TJ, Millett S, Old S et al (1995) Ketorolac for early postoperative analgesia. J Clin Anesth 7(6):465–469PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gwirtz KH, Kim HC, Nagy DJ et al (1995) Intravenous ketorolac and subarachnoid Opioid analgesia in the management of acute postoperative pain. Reg Anesth 20(5):395–401PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chrubasik S, Chrubasik J (1995) Treatment of postoperative pain with peridural administration of Opioids. Anesthesiol Reanim 20(1): 16–25Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Gustaffson LL, Friberg-Nielsen S, Garle M et al (1982) Extradural and parenteral morphine: kinetics and effects in postoperative pain. A controlled clinical study. Br J Anaesth 54: 1167–1174CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Sandler AN (1992) Update on postoperative pain management. Can J Anaesth 39(5):R53-R56Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Major CP Jr, Greer MS, Russell WL et al (1996) Postoperative pulmonary complications and morbidity after abdominal aneurismectomy: a comparison of postoperative epidural versus parenteral Opioid analgesia. Am Surg 62(1):45–51PubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bouaziz H, Benhamou D (1995) New routes for infiltration: surgical wound infiltration. Cah Anesthesiol 43(3):273–275PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pither C, Hartrick C (1985) Postoperative pain. In: Raj PP (ed) Handbook in regional anesthesia. Chicago, 1985, Churchill LivingstoneGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Rawal N (1992) Postoperative pain and its management. In: Ray PP (ed) Practical management of pain 2nd ed. Mosby Year Book, St Louis, pp 367–390Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Moore DC (1975) Intercostal nerve block for postoperative somatic pain following surgery of thorax and upper abdomen. Br J Anaesth 47:284–288PubMedGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Harvie KW (1979) A major advance in the control of postoperative knee pain. Orthopedics 2:26Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Katz J, Nelson W, Forest R et al (1980) Cryoanalgesia for post-thoracotomy pain. Lancet 8:512CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Miguel R, Hubbel D (1993) Pain management and spirometry following thoracotomy: a prospective, randomized study of four techniques. J Cardiothorac Vase Anesth 7(5):529–534CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Chiarandini
  • S. Donato
  • A. Pasetto

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations