Patient-Controlled Analgesia in Obstetrics and Pain Management

  • N. Rawal
Conference paper


The inadequacies of traditional methods of postoperative pain management have been well recognized for some years now. The recent explosion of interest in Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA), intraspinal Opioids, regional analgesia techniques and Organization of Acute Pain Services is a direct response to this realization.


Pain Management Postoperative Pain Management Acute Pain Service Epidural Opioid Demand Dose 


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Suggested reading

  1. Ferrante FM, Ostheimer GW, Covino BG (eds) (1990) Patient Controlled Analgesia. Blackwell Scientific PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  2. Lehmann K (1995) New developments in patient-controlled postoperative analgesia. Annais of Med 27:272–82Google Scholar
  3. Ballantyne JC, Carr DB, Chalmers TC et al (1993) Postoperative patient controlled analgesia: meta-analyses of initial randomized control trials. J Clin Anesth 5:182–193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Parker RK, White PF (1992) Epidural patient-controlled analgesia: an alternative to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for pain relief after cesarean delivery. Anesth Anaig 75:245–251Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rawal

There are no affiliations available

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