Patient-Controlled Analgesia in Obstetrics and Pain Management

  • N. Rawal
Conference paper


The inadequacies of traditional methods of postoperative pain management have been well recognized for some years now. The recent explosion of interest in Patient-Controlled Analgesia (PCA), intraspinal Opioids, regional analgesia techniques and Organization of Acute Pain Services is a direct response to this realization.


Pain Management Postoperative Pain Management Acute Pain Service Epidural Opioid Demand Dose 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Suggested reading

  1. Ferrante FM, Ostheimer GW, Covino BG (eds) (1990) Patient Controlled Analgesia. Blackwell Scientific PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  2. Lehmann K (1995) New developments in patient-controlled postoperative analgesia. Annais of Med 27:272–82Google Scholar
  3. Ballantyne JC, Carr DB, Chalmers TC et al (1993) Postoperative patient controlled analgesia: meta-analyses of initial randomized control trials. J Clin Anesth 5:182–193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Parker RK, White PF (1992) Epidural patient-controlled analgesia: an alternative to intravenous patient-controlled analgesia for pain relief after cesarean delivery. Anesth Anaig 75:245–251Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Rawal

There are no affiliations available

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