Modern Treatment and Monitoring of Haemorrhagic Shock

  • C. M. Müller
  • G. Huemer
  • M. Zimpfer
Conference paper


When a patient requires massive transfusion, it always means that he is extremely ill [1]. Hypoperfusion, hypovolemia, hypothermia, acidosis, hyperkalemia, hyperosmolarity, extensive wounds, substantial tissue destruction or embolization, subsequent impaired antibacterial defences, and hypoperfusion injury to most of the viscera comprise the usual settings for transfusion. Renal failure, hepatic insufficiency, and pneumonitis are common outcomes, and, with certain injuries, intra-abdominal sepsis joins the list [2].


Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure Massive Transfusion Haemorrhagic Shock Airway Pressure Release Ventilation Massive Blood Transfusion 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. M. Müller
  • G. Huemer
  • M. Zimpfer

There are no affiliations available

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