Assessment of Respiratory Dysfunction in Children with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Respiratory dysfunction remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill pediatric patients. Appropriate management depends on an early diagnosis, a clear understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease, and a clear treatment strategy. Respiratory monitoring is now routinely used in pediatric patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF) and mechanical ventilation (MV) . Today, modern technology allows for bedside assessment of many physiologic variables of the respiratory system in infants and children requiring assisted ventilation. Miniaturization of equipment and the application of technology based on personal computer with rapid data acquisition and processing have made the evaluation of the respiratory status in ventilated patients possible at the bedside. This information helps us to obtain a better understanding of the pathophysiology of the disease, to indicate the course of the disease, to optimize ventilator settings, to assess the effectiveness of treatment modalities.
KeywordsAirway Pressure Acute Respiratory Failure Pulse Oximeter Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Peak Inspiratory Pressure
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