Acute Respiratory Failure in Immunocompromised Patients: A Possible Indication for Non-Invasive Ventilation

  • G. Conti
  • M. Antonelli
  • M. Bufi
Conference paper


Traditional mechanical ventilation through an endotracheal tube is actually the first-line treatment for acute respiratory failure of parenchymal origin in ICU patients.


Endotracheal Intubation Acute Respiratory Failure Pressure Support Ventilation Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation Conventional Mechanical Ventilation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Bott J, Carroll MP, Conway JH et al (1993) Randomized controlled trial of nasal ventilation in acute ventilatory failure due to chronic obstructive airways disease. Lancet 341:1555–1558PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Daskalopoulou E, Tsara V, Fekete K et al (1993) Treatment of acute respiratory failure in COPD patients with positive airway pressure via nasal mask (NPPV) [abstract]. Chest 103:271SCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kramer N, Meyer TJ, Meharg J et al (1995) Randomized, prospective trial of noninvasive positive pressure ventilation in acute respiratory failure. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 151: 1799–1808PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Brochard L, Mancebo J, Wysocki M et al (1995) Non invasive ventilation for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. New Engl J Med 333:813–822CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Meduri GU, Conoscenti CC, Menashe P et al (1989) Non invasive face mask ventilation in patients with acute respiratory failure. Chest 95:865–870PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Meduri GU, Fox RC, Abo-Shala C et al (1994) Nön invasive mechanical ventilation via face mask in patients with acute respiratory failure who refused endotracheal intubation. Crit Care Med 22:1584–1590PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Pennok BE, Kaplan PD, Carlin BW et al (1991) Pressure Support Ventilation with a simplified ventilatory support system administred with a nasal mask in patients with respiratory failure. Chest 100:1371–1376CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Pennok BE, Crawshan L, Kaplan PD (1994) Non invasive nasal mask ventilation for acute respiratory failure. Chest 105:441–444CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Lapinsky SE, Mount DB, Mackey D et al (1994) Management of acute respiratory failure due to edema with nasal positive pressure support. Chest 105:229–231PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wysoky M, Laurent T, Wolff MA et al (1993) Non invasive pressure support ventilation in patient with acute respiratory failure. Chest 103:907–913CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Lloyd-Thomas AR, Dhaliwal HS, Lister TA et al (1986) Intensive therapy for life-threatening medical complicatons of hematological malignancy. Intens Care Med 12:317–324CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Denardo SJ, Oye RK, Bellamy PE (1898) Efficacy of intensive care for bone marrow transplant patients with respiratory failure. Crit Care Med 17:4–6CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Crowford W, Schwartz DA, Petersen FB et al (1988) Mechanical ventilation bone marrow transplantation. Risk factors and clinical outcome. Am Rev Respir Dis 137:682–687CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Prakash UB, Divertie MB, Banks PM (1979) Aggressive therapy in acute respiratory failure from leukemic pulmonary infiltrates. Chest 75:345–350PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Nelson SC, Ravereby WD (1989) Respiratory failure and acute leukemia. Chest 78:799–804CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lahtinen R, Kuikka J, Nousiainen T et al (1991) Cardiotoxicity of epirubicin and doxorubicin: A double blind randomized study. Eur J Haematol 46:301–305PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lewkow LM, Hooker JL, Movahed A (1992) Cardiac complications of intensive dose of mitoxantrone and ciclophosphamide with autologous bone marrow transplantation in metastatic breast cancer. In J Cardiol 34:273–276Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Watts RG (1991) Severe and fatal anthracyclin cardiotoxicity at cumulative doses below 400 mg/m2 evidence for enhanced toxicity with multi-agent chemotherapy. Am J Hematol 36: 316–317CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Ginsberg SJ, Cormis RL (1982) The pulmonary toxicity of antineoplastic agents. Semin Onc 9:35–51Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Vernant JP, Brun B, Mannoni P et al (1979) Respiratory distress of hyperleukocytic leukemia. Cancer 44:264–268PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Carlon GC (1978) Acute respiratory failure in cancer patients. Curr Probl Cancer 4:47–57CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Estopa R, Torres Marti A, Kastanos N et al (1984) Acute respiratory failure in severe hematologic disorders. Crit Care Med 12:26–28PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Tognet E, Mercatello A, Coronel B et al (1992) Respiratory distress treated by positive pressure ventilation through a facial mask in hematological patients. Intens Care Med 18 [Suppl 2]:S121Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Conti
  • M. Antonelli
  • M. Bufi

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations