Methodology of Noninvasive Positive Pressure Ventilation in Acute Respiratory Failure
In many patients with acute respiratory failure (ARF), noninvasive positive pressure ventilation (NPPV) via a mask can be equally as effective in improving the pathophysiology of respiratory failure and correcting gas exchange abnormalities as conventional ventilation via an endotracheal tube . When effective, NPPV avoids the complications associated with endotracheal intubation, improves patient comfort and preserves airway defense mechanisms, speech and swallowing. Furthermore, NPPV provides greater flexibility in instituting and removing mechanical ventilation (MV).
KeywordsChronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Endotracheal Intubation Acute Respiratory Failure Pressure Support Ventilation
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