The Baby Lung Philosophy
ARDS (Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome) refers to a generalized inflammation of the lung parenchima, caused by different diseases. However, independently from its specific etiology, ARDS is characterized by diffuse pulmonary infiltrates, decreased respiratory compliance and severe hypoxemia, scarcely responsive to the administration of high inspiratory oxygen concentrations . Moreover, ARDS pathologic characteristics may change during the course of the disease, from edema to fibrosis and disruption of alveolar septa . Computed tomography (CT) has been used, in these last years, for clinical evaluation of different thoracic diseases and has rapidly gained popularity both as a research and diagnostic tool . Moreover, the use of CT has played an important role in improving our knowledge of pathophysiology of ARDS [4–6].
KeywordsAcute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Acute Respiratory Failure Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome Compute Tomography Number Linear Attenuation Coefficient
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