Kinematics and Dynamics of the Vehicle/Seat/Occupant System Regarding Whiplash Injuries
From accident analysis, it has been noticed that neck injuries are mostly caused by rear-end collisions. By way of example, we quote the following: In a Dutch study conducted in the 1980s , neck injuries made up 51.6% of all the lesions found in the drivers of cars involved in rear-end collisions (Table 1). In a Japanese study conducted at the beginning of the 1990s , the neck injury percentage in rear-end collisions increased to 80%.
KeywordsAbbreviate Injury Scale Whiplash Injury Neck Injury Head Acceleration Extension Moment
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