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Vestibular Electrical Stimulation

  • A. Cesarani
  • D. Alpini
Conference paper

Abstract

Peripheral proprioceptors of the muscles and the joints have a feedback control on the vestibular nuclei through spino-vestibular pathways. Neuromuscular spindles and Golgi receptors are dynamometers and they are particularly sensitive to variations in muscle length and tension. Joint receptors, Ruffini and Golgi bodies give information regarding the position of a joint and its movement. The portion of the neck including the first three vertebrae is particularly involved during the major part of everyday head movements. The paravertebral muscles of this region are very rich in proprioceptors. They are especially concentrated in the splenius capitis, the rectus capitis major, the longissimus capitis and the semispinalis capitis. These muscles comprise the deep plane of the nuchal muscles. The splenius is more superficial. The muscles act in the extension of homolateral bending and rotation of the head. During head movements they discharge to the vestibular nuclei [16, 17, 33].

Keywords

Vestibular Nucleus Whiplash Injury Paravertebral Muscle Proprioceptive Input Postural Reflex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Cesarani
    • 1
  • D. Alpini
    • 2
  1. 1.Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Istituto di AudiologiaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.ENT, Otoneurological Service Scientific Institute S. Maria N.te, F.ne don GnocchiMilanItaly

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