Neurorehabilitation of Ataxia

  • M. Forni
  • E. Enock
  • A. Lintura
Conference paper


The meaning of ataxia is failure of coordination. Atactic patients are not able to define the width, velocity, and rhythms of muscle contractions, and cannot coordinate more muscle groups which are synchronously activated. The ataxia can be determined by: (1) injury of the proprioceptive afferences; (2) labyrinthic injury; (3) injury of cerebellum or its connections which are reciprocally connected to the cerebral cortex (neocerebellum), the spinal cord (paleocerebellum), and the vestibular system (archeocerebellum).


Whiplash Injury Instrumental Evaluation Erect Position Conditioning Technique Proprioceptive Afferences 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Andersen OT (1986) A system for quantitative assessment of dyscoordination and tremor. Acta Neurologica Scandinavica 73:291–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Dietz HC et al (1992) The coordination of posture and voluntary movement in patients with cerebellar dysfunction. Movement Disorders 7(1): 14–22CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gasco P (1994) La terapia riabilitativa dei pazienti con sclerosi multipla. In: Cazzullo et al (eds). Sclerosi Multipla. Masson, MilanoGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grimaldi L et al (1986) Evocazione di componenti motorie assenti nelle lesioni del sistema nervoso centrale. II. Criteri di organizzazione degli atti motori. Giardini, PisaGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hewer RL et al (1972) An investigation into the value of treating intention tremor by weighting the affected limb. Brain 95:579–590PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Marsden CD (1975) The physiological basis of ataxia. Physiotherapy 61(11 ):326–328PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Michaelis J (1993) Mechanical methods of controlling ataxia. In: Bailliere’s (ed). Clinical Neurology. CD WardGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Morgan MH et al (1975) Intention tremor-a method of measurement. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 38:253–258PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Sancesario G et al (1984) Fisiopatologia dei sintomi cerebellari. Riabilitazione e Apprendimento 4:59Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sanes JN et al (1988) Visual and mechanical control of postural and kinetic tremor in cerebellar system disorders. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry 51:934–943PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tesio L et al (1992) Proposta di esercizio terapeutico per i disturbi motori nelle atassie. In: Atti del Corso di Aggiornamento “Le atassie ereditarie e le mioclono-epilessie”, Courmayeur 1–4 aprile, 1992Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Forni
    • 1
  • E. Enock
    • 1
  • A. Lintura
    • 1
  1. 1.Fondazione Don C. GnocchiIstituto di Marina di Massa (MS)Italy

Personalised recommendations