Anamnesis and Clinical Evaluation

  • A. Cesarani
  • D. Alpini
  • D. Brambilla


In all medical fields a good case history evaluation is the key to a correct diagnosis. Patients complaints have to be documented as completely as possibile from the beginning of the disease. Sometimes the examiner use of technical terms to question the patient can lead to confusion and misinterpretations. It is important that the patient describes symptoms with his/her own words in the simplest way. In this regard Grateu [3] proposed a simplified chart to investigate vertigo and dizziness during common daily life activities (Fig. 1). In whiplash equilibrium disturbances particular attention has to be paid to qualitative and quantitative aspects of symptomatology.


Paravertebral Muscle Patient Complaint Spontaneous Nystagmus Safety Belt Lateral Semicircular Canal 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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    Claussen CF (1992) Equilibriometric topodiagnosis as a basis of modern therapy of vertigo and dizziness. Neurootology Newsletter 1, 1:7–24Google Scholar
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    Magnusson M (1994) Evaluation of brainstem-cerebellar posture control. In: Cesarani A, Alpini D (eds). Equilibrium disorders. Brainstem and cerebellar pathology. Springer, Milan, 52Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Cesarani
    • 1
  • D. Alpini
    • 2
  • D. Brambilla
    • 3
  1. 1.Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Istituto di AudiologiaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.ENT, Otoneurological Service Scientific Institute S. Maria N.te, Fne don GnocchiMilanItaly
  3. 3.Ass. La Nostra Famiglia, OtoneurologiaIRCCS E. MedeaBosisio Parini (Co)Italy

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