Whiplash Effects on the Vestibulo-oculomotor System

  • L. M. Ödkvist


For balancing, motor control and keeping visual objects steady on the retina, the vestibular system and the interaction with the visual system is of paramount importance. Balance is maintained via cooperation between the vestibular afferents, proprioception, podalic pressure receptors and vision [1]. For diagnostics postural tests are important but the easiest and most accurate way to study the vestibular system is recording of spontaneous and provoked eye movements, and the interaction with the visual system. Often the cause for vertigo can be unveiled with these methods. For eye movement recording video or photoelectric devices may be used but the most widely used method is electronystagmography (ENG) [14].


Smooth Pursuit Whiplash Injury Rotatory Test Visual Suppression Rotatory Chair 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. M. Ödkvist
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of OtolaryngologyUniversity HospitalLinköpingSweden

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