Whiplash: An Interdisciplinary Challenge

  • A. Cesarani
  • C. F. Claussen
  • D. Alpini
Conference paper


Definitions of whiplash syndrome are controversial. Generally speaking the syndrome comprehends symptoms following a traffic accident, usually a rear-end collision. These symptoms are varied and variably combined:
  • Orthopaedic, such as neck pain and functional limitation of cervical movements

  • Neurological, such as paresthesias

  • Audiological, such as tinnitus and hypoacusia

  • Otorhinolaryngological, such as dysphagia and disphonias

  • Equilibriometric, such as vertigo and dizziness

  • Odontoiatric, such as disturbances of occlusions, tempero-mandibular joint pain

  • Neuropsychological, such as anxiety and attentional disturbances

The term whiplash was used for the first time in 1928 and included several mechanisms. For example the kinematics of the head-neck movements are different in rear-end collisions than in side collisions, and it is different for the driver rather than the passenger. It is also different if the subjects wore safety belts or not.


Whiplash Injury Transient Global Amnesia Bilateral Vocal Cord Paralysis Whiplash Syndrome Ascend Reticular Activate System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Cesarani
    • 1
  • C. F. Claussen
    • 2
  • D. Alpini
    • 3
  1. 1.Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Istituto di AudiologiaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoMilanItaly
  2. 2.Neurotologic and Equilibrium Society (NES)Bad KissingenGermany
  3. 3.ENT, Otoneurological Service Scientific Institute S. Maria N.te, don GnocchiMilanItaly

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