AV Junction Modification for Atrial Fibrillation: Which End Points?

  • A. Bonso
  • S. Themistoclakis
  • G. Gasparini
  • A. Raviele


Controlling ventricular rate in patients with intermittent or chronic atrial fibrillation (AF), in whom it is not possible to maintain sinus rhythm through drug therapy, is often a problem. Control of ventricular rate is necessary because of invalidating palpitations and/or occurrence of hemodynamic impairment [1].


Atrial Fibril Ventricular Rate Pacemaker Implantation Effective Refractory Period Slow Pathway 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Bonso
    • 1
  • S. Themistoclakis
    • 1
  • G. Gasparini
    • 1
  • A. Raviele
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di CardiologiaOspedale Civile Umberto I°Mestre, VeniceItaly

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