Pacemaker and ICD Infections: How to Manage Them?

  • M. G. Bongiorni
  • E. Soldati
  • G. Arena
  • G. Gherarducci
  • S. Viani
  • M. Mariani


Among the complications associated with the wide use of implanted cardiac pacemakers, the incidence of infection of the pacing system is reported to occur in 0% to 19% of the patients [1]. Signs and symptoms of infection in the generator pocket are most frequently observed, while septicemia is a less frequent but life-threatening event [2, 3]. Infections occurring after implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) are an even more dangerous condition, and it is reported with an incidence of 2%–7% [4–7]. ICD devices have much in common with implanted pacemakers. Both systems consist of electrodes and a pulse generator, and are manufactured using the same materials. Thus it seems reasonable to apply the lessons learned from permanent pacemakers to defibrillator implants.


Cardiac Pacemaker Pace System Manual Traction Pace Lead Tricuspid Valve Leaflet 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Bongiorni
    • 1
  • E. Soldati
    • 1
  • G. Arena
    • 1
  • G. Gherarducci
    • 1
  • S. Viani
    • 1
  • M. Mariani
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di CardiologiaOspedale CisanelloPisaItaly

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