Heart Failure Patients with Atrial Fibrillation: How Important Is It to Regularize Ventricular Rhythm?

  • P. E. Vardas
  • E. N. Simantirakis
  • E. G. Manios


Atrial fibrillation is the arrhythmia which is most frequently encountered in clinical practice and has a particularly high incidence in the elderly and in patients with organic heart disease. The classical treatment of this arrhythmia involves restoration of sinus rhythm, control of the ventricular rate and prevention of thromboembolic events. Recently, however, there has been a systematic evaluation of the probable hemodynamic and clinical benefit of regularizing the ventricular rhythm in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation in whom the restoration of sinus rhythm is deemed to be impossible.


Atrial Fibrillation Heart Failure Patient Catheter Ablation Pacemaker Implantation Chronic Atrial Fibrillation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. E. Vardas
    • 1
  • E. N. Simantirakis
    • 1
  • E. G. Manios
    • 1
  1. 1.Cardiology DepartmentUniversity Hospital of HeraklionCreteGreece

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