Clinical Implications of the Mechanical Effects of Heat and Moisture Exchangers

  • A. Braschi
  • M. C. Olivei
  • M. A. Villani
Conference paper


Humidification of inspired gases during mechanical ventilation is a standard of care. The detrimental effects of inadequate humidity are well known [1–3], and include damage to the ciliary mucosa, thickening of secretions, and lung damage (atelectasis, shunt effect, and infection).


Heated Humidifier Moisture Exchanger Expiratory Resistance Deadspace Ventilation Inspiratory Resistance 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Braschi
  • M. C. Olivei
  • M. A. Villani

There are no affiliations available

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