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New modes of ventilation in paediatrics

  • G. A. Marraro
Part of the Topics in Anaesthesia and Critical Care book series (TIACC)

Abstract

Since its first extensive use during the polio epidemics of the 1950s, mechanical ventilation has proved to be of undoubted value in improving survival in many patients affected by severe respiratory failure of varying origin. In the last 25 years, artificial ventilation has tremendously improved the recovery of neonates, especially those born prematurely. However, mechanical ventilation can, in itself, result not only in pulmonary damage (interstitial emphysema, alveolar and bronchiolar damage, pneumothorax, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia) but also in damage to other organs, specifically when high FiO2 has been used (i.e., retrolental fibroplasia) [1–4].

Keywords

Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Tidal Volume Pressure Support Pressure Support Ventilation Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 1999

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  • G. A. Marraro

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