Chlamydia pneumoniae: Clinical Characteristics of Acute Respiratory Infections

  • R. Cosentini
  • P. Tarsia
  • F. Blasi


Chlamydia pneumoniae appears to be an important cause of human respiratory tract disease. Several reports show a high incidence of infection in communityacquired pneumonia, ranging from 6% to 25%, and a remarkable role in pneumonia outbreaks in closed communities such as military garrisons, schools, and families [1–7]. Furthermore, C. pneumoniae is involved in upper respiratory tract infections (pharyngitis, sinusitis and otitis), acute bronchitis and exacerbations of chronic bronchitis [8, 9]. Several authors report a possible aetiologic role of this pathogen in adult onset asthma and in asthma exacerbations [10-13]. Several other diseases associated with C. pneumoniae infection, such as erythema nodosum, Guillain-Barré syndrome, culture-negative endocarditis, arthritis and encephalitis, have been sporadically reported [14-16]. Seroepidemiological evidence of a possible association between C. pneumoniae infection and sarcoidosis has also been suggested [17–19].


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patient Asthma Exacerbation Acute Respiratory Infection Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Cosentini
  • P. Tarsia
  • F. Blasi

There are no affiliations available

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