Is It Possible to Monitor the Depth of Anesthesia?

  • E. Facco
  • M. Munari
  • F. Gallo
Conference paper


Awareness during anesthesia is revealed by explicit or implicit memory of intraoperative events. Although large clinical surveys indicate an incidence of explicit awareness of less than 0.3% during anesthesia for general surgery, the possibility of awareness is still a major concern, because patients may develop posttraumatic stress disorder by the experience of being awake during surgery [1]. Successful litigation against the anesthesia professional has been increasing in number as failure to provide adequate anesthesia can be considered a breach of the unwritten contract between patient and anesthetist [2].


Nitrous Oxide Noxious Stimulus Minimum Alveolar Concentration Anesthetic Drug Verbal Command 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Facco
  • M. Munari
  • F. Gallo

There are no affiliations available

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