Diagnosis of Pneumonia: Do We Really Need Invasive Techniques in ICU Patients?

  • M. Langer
  • E. Storti
Conference paper


Protected specimen brush (PSB), broncho-alveolar lavage (BAL), mini-BAL, protected BAL, telescopic catheter, are all sample techniques requiring bronchoscopy and therefore an instrument with proper disinfection/sterilization, a skilled operator, anesthesia, and additional surveillance during and after the procedure [1].


Respir Crit Bacterial Pneumonia Tracheal Aspirate Bacterial Burden Endotracheal Aspirate 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Langer
  • E. Storti

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