Alternative Strategies to Deal with Perioperative Hypothermia
Mild hypothermia in the surgical patient is the most common, non-intentional, thermal disturbance, and results from a combination of impaired thermoregulation and exposure to a cold environment. The fine balance between body heat production and dissipation that characterizes homeotherms is altered mainly by surgical stress and anesthetic drugs. Body heat production decreases significantly with induction of general anesthesia while heat loss increases.
KeywordsRespiratory Exchange Ratio Rest Energy Expenditure Amino Acid Mixture Spinal Block Splanchnic Blood Flow
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