Breathing Disorders and Sleep

  • G. Coccagna
  • F. Cirignotta


In the 1950s some American authors identified a syndrome of chronic alveolar hypoventilation linked to severe obesity. Burwell et al. [1] coined the term “Pickwickian syndrome” after the character of fat Joe created by Charles Dickens in the Posthumous Papers of the Pickwick Club. This character presents all the clinical features of the syndrome he epitomizes: severe obesity, marked daytime somnolence, voracious appetite, noisy breathing during sleep and, as the colour of his face suggests, polycythemia.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Obstructive Sleep Apnea Sleep Apnea Continuous Positive Airway Pressure Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Coccagna
    • 1
  • F. Cirignotta
    • 1
  1. 1.Istituto di NeurologiaUniversità di BolognaBolognaItaly

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