Multiple Therapeutic Agents — Are We Making Progress?

  • A. E. Baue
  • H. Redl
Conference paper


It is not unusual to develop therapeutic agents in animal models which seem protective or therapeutic in the experimental animal but never proven to be worthwhile in patients. Over the years we have studied many such promising agents which never made a difference clinically. These include low molecular weight dextran, which is an anti-sludging agent, Dibenzyline (phenoxybenza- mine), an alpha adrenergic blocking agent to decrease the intense vasoconstriction of shock, 2-3 diphosphoglycerate, which helps red cells unload oxygen in the peripheral circulation, polarizing solutions with homeopathic doses of Mg, K, insulin, glucose, and steroids, white blood cells which led to excess Ringer’s lactate solution being given, buffers for extra-cellular acidosis, THAM tris(hydroxymethyl)amino-methane, an intracellular buffering agent, excess lactate and the L/P ratio, which would indicate anaerobiosis and steroids for septic shock [1-3]. In spite of many positive effects in the experimental laboratory, none of these substances ever came into clinical use for very long. When they were subjected to randomized clinical trials, they failed to improve survival or help patients. Recently, studies of injury, infection and inflanmiation have shown many mediators or agents which contribute to illness from such insults. This led to the development of agents which could block the harmful effects of such mediators. Many of these agents demonstrated excellent results in experimental animals and suggested great promise for clinical use. However, so far none of these agents (Table 1), when used individually, has had a positive effect in decreasing mortality in prospective randomized placebo-controlled trials in sick patients.


Septic Shock Isonicotinic Acid Isonicotinic Acid Hydrazide Compensatory Antiinflammatory Response Syndrome Bradykinin Antagonist 


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© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. E. Baue
  • H. Redl

There are no affiliations available

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