Scanning Electron Microscopy: Notes on Basic Techniques for Investigating Pulmonary and Airway Structures

  • P. C. Braga


The eye is probably the most important “sensor” of our body. Not only does it provide information about our surroundings, but this information is then used by the brain to control our interaction with the surroundings through feedback. It is a common observation that we cannot see structural details of either very minute objects or of larger objects at great distance, so the idea of magnifying images of the things that surround us has always fascinated man. From the earliest times, discoveries of magnifying devices such as drops of water, convex metal mirrors, and lenses have been reported, with records dating back to 1000 b.c. or even earlier. The Assyrians had a convex lens around 700 b.c., and the Greeks and Romans also wrote about magnifying lenses [1].


Surface Tension Force Biological Specimen Alveolar Part Scanning Electron Microscope Specimen Scanning Electron Microscopy Preparation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Braga
    • 1
  1. 1.Centro di Farmacologia Respiratoria, Facoltà di Medicina e ChirurgiaUniversità degli Studi di MilanoItaly

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