Mediastinal and Hilar Neoplasia in Children
Mediastinal and hilar masses in children are challenging to the radiologist but also rewarding as the diagnosis and therapeutic alternatives depend on the imaging findings. These findings have to be interpreted in the light of size, location, and relation to the other intrathoracic structures. Anatomically the mediastinum includes all intrathoracic viscera except the lungs and pleura. A useful classification of the mediastinal masses is based on dividing mediastinum in an anterior, a middle, and a posterior compartment  as seen in Fig. 1.
KeywordsGerm Cell Tumor Mediastinal Mass Bronchogenic Cyst Posterior Mediastinum Pulmonary Sequestration
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