Advertisement

Airways Obstruction in Children

  • H. Carty
Conference paper
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)

Abstract

Airways obstruction in children may present acutely, dramatically and fatally, but more commonly has a gradual onset with chronic or progressive symptoms. General principles underpinning the major considerations will be reviewed. The lesions that cause airways obstruction in children are briefly outlined.

Keywords

Airway Obstruction Vocal Cord Choanal Atresia Subglottic Stenosis Retropharyngeal Abscess 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Suggested Reading

  1. Aguado LA, Pinero BP, Betancor L, Mendez A, Banales EC (1991) Acyclovir in the treatment of laryngeal papillomatosis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 21: 269–274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Altmann A, Nolan T (1995) Non-intentional asphyxiation deaths due to upper airway interference in children 0 to 14 years. lnj Prey 1: 76–80Google Scholar
  3. Anavi Y, Kaplinsky C, Calderon S, Zaizov R (1990) Head, neck and maxillofacial childhood Burkitt’s lymphoma. A retrospective analysis of 31 patients. J Oral Maxillofac Surg 48: 708–713PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson GJ. Tom LWC. Womer RB. Handler SD. Wetmore RF. Potsic WP (1990) Rhabdomyosarcoma of the head and neck in children. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 116: 428–431PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Arruda LK. Mimica IM, Sole D, Weckx LL, Schoettler J, Heiner DC, et al. (1990) Abnormal maxillary sinus radiographs in children: do they represent bacterial infection? Pediatrics 85: 553–558PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Cohen LM, Koltai PJ, Scott JR (1992) Lateral cervical radiographs and adenoid size: do they correlate? Ear Nose Throat J 71: 638–642PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Delorimer AA, Harrison MR, Hardy K, Howell U, Adzick NS (1990) Tracheobronchial obstructions in infants and children. Experience with 45 cases. Ann Surg 212: 277–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Derkay CS, Grundfast KM (1990) Airway compromise from nasal obstruction in neonates and infants. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 19: 241–249PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Emery PJ, Fearon B (1984) Vocal cord palsy in pediatric practice: a review of 71 cases. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 8: 147–154PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Garcia DP, Corbett ML, Eberly SM, Joyce MR, Le HT, Karibo JM, et al. (1994) Radiographic imaging studies in pediatric chronic sinusitis. J Allergy Clin Immunol 94: 523–530PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garet C, Contencin P, Polonovski JM, Hassan M, Narcy P (1992) Laryngeal ultrasonography in infants and children: a new way of investigating. Normal and pathological findings. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 23: 107–115Google Scholar
  12. Garel C, Hassan M, Hertz-Pannier L, Francois M, Contencin P, Narch P (1992) Contribution of MR in the diagnosis of “occult” posterior laryngeal cleft. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 24: 177–181PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Garet C, Hassan M, Legrand I, Elmaleh M, Narcy P (1991) Laryngeal ultrasonography in infants and children: pathological findings. Pediatr Radiol 21: 164–167CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Heaf DP, Helms PJ, Dinwiddie R, Matthew DJ (1982) Nasopharyngeal airways in Pierre Robin syndrome. J Pediatr 100: 698–703PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Irving RM, Broadbent V, Jones NS (1994) Langerhans cell histiocytosis of childhood, management of head and neck manifestations. Laryngoscope 104: 64–70PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Jordan RB, Gauderer MWL (1988) Cervical teratomas: an analysis. Literature review and proposed classification. J Pediatr Surg 23: 583–591PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kaplan LC (1985) Choanal atresia and its associated anomalies. Further support for the CHARGE association. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 8: 237–242PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Myer CM III, Auringer ST. Wiatrak BJ, Bisset G (1990) Magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of innominate artery compression of the trachea. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 116: 314–316PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Naegele RF, Champion J, Murphy S, Henle G. Henle W (1982) Nasopharyngeal carcinoma in American children, Epstein-Barr virus specific antibody titers and prognosis. Int J Cancer 29: 209–212PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Phelps PD (1997) Radiology in paediatric otolaryngology. In: Kerr AG (ed) Scott-Brown’s otolaryngology, Vol 6, 6th edn. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford, pp 1–24Google Scholar
  21. Premachandra DJ, Milton CM (1991) Childhood haemangiomas of the head and neck. Clin Otolaryngol 16: 117–123PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Ryan CA, Yacoub W, Paton T, Avard D (1990) Childhood deaths from toy balloons, paediatric intensive care unit, University of Alberta Hospitals. Edmonton, Canada. Am J Dis Child 144: 1221–1224Google Scholar
  23. Singer JI, McCabe JB (1988) Epiglottitis at the extremes of age. J Emerg Med 6: 228–231Google Scholar
  24. Stoohs R, Guilleminault C (1990) Obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome or abnormal upper airways resistance during sleep. J Clin Neurophysiol 7: 83–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Carty
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyAlder Hey Children’s HospitalLiverpoolEngland

Personalised recommendations