The Wide Spectrum of Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Children

  • A. Lebenthal
  • E. Lebenthal
Conference paper
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)


The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), Crohn’s Disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) are chronic inflammatory diseases of the intestines with a combined prevalence of 200–300 per 100 000 persons in the industrialized world [1]. The peak frequency of new cases of CD in the pediatric population is during the mid to late teens with an age-specific incidence of 16 per 100 000 persons [2]. It was suggested that a threefold rise in the incidence of CD occurred between 1968 to 1983, which further increased to 4.4 fold between 1968 and 1988 [3]. In contrast, UC did not show an upward trend during the same period [3]. A positive family history is the most consistent risk factor for children with IBD (odds ratio 5.6) [4].


Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ulcerative Colitis Sclerosing Cholangitis Juvenile Rheumatoid Arthritis Pyoderma Gangrenosum 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Lebenthal
    • 1
  • E. Lebenthal
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryHadassah University Hospital, Ein KaremJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Department of PaediatricsHadassah University Hospital, Mt. ScopusJerusalemIsrael

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