Bone Marrow Imaging

  • M. F. Reiser
  • A. Stäbler
  • A. Baur
  • M. Steinborn
Part of the Syllabus book series (SYLLABUS)


The bone marrow plays an important role in many physiological processes, such as haematopoiesis, immunological response and metabolism. Various diseases, such as leukaemia, multiple myeloma, malignant lymphoma and sickle-cell anaemia manifest first within the bone marrow. Conventional radiography and bone scanning have severe limitations in sensitivity for the detection of bone marrow disorders, when cancellous and cortical bone are not involved. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gives new insights into normal anatomy and physiological changes of the bone marrow. In addition, it has proved to be highly sensitive in the detection of bone marrow abnormalities. Its specificity, however, is also limited. Spin echo, opposed phase gradient echo and spectral fat-saturated pulse sequences as well as STIR (short TI inversion recovery sequences) are useful in MRI of the bone marrow [1].


Multiple Myeloma High Signal Intensity Bone Marrow Edema Conventional Radiography Normal Bone Marrow 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. F. Reiser
    • 1
  • A. Stäbler
    • 1
  • A. Baur
    • 1
  • M. Steinborn
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut für Radiologische DiagnostikLudwig Maximilians UniversitätMünichGermany

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