Atrial Fibrillation with a Slow Ventricular Response: Is Theophylline a Good Alternative to a Pacemaker?

  • N. Paparella
  • R. Pirani
  • P. Alboni
Conference paper


There is no agreement on the definition of atrial fibrillation (AF) with a slow ventricular response: the condition may be characterized as an AF with slow resting heart rate or as an AF with normal resting heart rate but with prolonged ventricular pauses. Symptoms such as asthenia, easy fatigue, and dyspnea may be attributable to low cardiac output due to a low heart rate, and cardiac pauses may be responsible for neurologic symptoms such as presyncope or syncope.


Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Rest Heart Rate Pacemaker Implantation Mitral Valve Disease Steady State Evaluation 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. Paparella
    • 1
  • R. Pirani
    • 1
  • P. Alboni
    • 1
  1. 1.Divisione di CardiologiaOspedale CivileCento (Fe)Italy

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