Is Total Mortality Really Reduced by the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator?

  • S. Nisam
Conference paper


The fact that the implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) has reduced arrhythmic sudden death to about 1% per year is no longer contested. Irrefutable dramatic evidence of this phenomenon comes from the stored electrograms, which have visually captured the interruptions of countless episodes of malignant sustained arrhythmias in thousands of patients. But these patients have sick hearts, and the question asked by some — and which we will address here — is whether this reduction in sudden death translates to an overall, meaningful benefit in overall survival.


Cardiac Arrest Ventricular Tachycardia Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator Therapy Implantable Defibrillator 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Nisam
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical Science CPI/Guidant EuropeZaventemBelgium

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