Is the cleansing enema a necessary ritual?

  • Giorgio Cittadini


“Cleansing enemas are unglamorous and almost surely the most misunderstood and improperly performed procedure in clinical medicine”. These words by Miller [1] point out quite rightly how little attention was paid in the past to the scientific and pragmatic rationale on which this so frequent and important clinical act is based. In fact, when given by inexperienced personnel, five enemas are required on average for a thorough cleansing of the colon [2].


Tannic Acid Barium Enema Double Contrast Water Enema Pragmatic Rationale 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giorgio Cittadini
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of Genoa School of Medicine San Martino HospitalGenoaItaly

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