Enema, conflicts and perspectives: the psychological point of view

  • Novarino Rizzola


While, for a physician, speaking of the intestine means speaking of a specific organ with well known features and closely linked to the fate of another person, for the patient it is an inalienable portion of his/her own body with more uncertain boundaries; with its evil introjections, it can even undermine his/her residual physical capacity and his/her own safety. With a dual meaning, the intestine (or any other sick organ) may represent the oppressor but also the oppressed, it may be the area of a conflict which the patient would like to see limited and reduced, but could also involve his/her very Self for which a parallel and equally dramatic fate is feared.


Functional Disorder Intraluminal Pressure Motility Index Double Contrast Barium Enema Irritable Colon 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Sodeman WA Jr, Watson DW The large intestine (1985) In: Sodeman WA Jr and Sodeman WA (eds), Pathologic Physiology—Mechanisms of Disease. Philadelphia: SaundersGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rizzola N (1977) Significatività di un questionario psicosomatico nelle disfunzioni intestinali e nelle loro registrazioni grafiche. Minerva Dietol Gastroenterol 23: 359–364PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Rizzola N, Del Puente G (1980) Preoccupazioni somatiche e loro effetti sul colon. Minerva Med 71: 1047–1051PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rizzola N, Bertoglio C, Castellaneta G et al (1978) Frequenza di alcuni aspetti psichici nelle colopatie. Minerva Psichiatr 19: 183–187Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Rizzola N (1979) Espressione viscerale di conflitti con presentazione di tavole del T.A.T. Riv Sperim Freniatr 103: 966–985Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Rizzola N (1980) Turbe delle funzioni di eliminazione e clismi a doppio contrasto nell’ottica psicoradiologica. Il Radiologo 19(1): 65–69Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ròheim G. The gates of the dream. New York, International Universities Press, 1952Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Garrone G (1974) Lo psichiatra e la preparazione psicologica dei medici. In: Luban-Plozza B, Antonelli F (eds). Introduzione ai Gruppi Balint. Roma: Il Pensiero ScientificoGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ferenczi S (1985) Journal Clinique. Paris: PayotGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Balint E (1974) Un aspetto dei cambiamenti che si verificano nei medici dopo aver frequentato i gruppi Balint. In: Luban-Plozza B, Antonelli F (eds). Introduzione ai Gruppi Balint. Roma: Il Pensiero ScientificoGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rizzola N, Nanni L (1991) La grafologia tra intuizione, scienza e coscienza. Minerva Psichiatr 32: 193–199PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Novarino Rizzola

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations