Comparison of haemodynamic parameters derived from invasive and non-invasive control methods

  • B. Allaria
  • M. Favaro
  • M. Resta
Conference paper


Assessing the haemodynamic status of critical patients is undoubtedly one of the cornerstones of diagnostics and the ensuing therapy in intensive care units. The success of the Swan-Ganz catheter over the past 30 years is linked to the fact that it yields data such as cardiac output (CO), systemic vascular resistance (SVR) and pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR), left and right ventricular stroke work (LVSW and RVSW, respectively), and the filling pressure of the left ventricle (WP) and of the right ventricle (CVP). However, the Swan-Ganz catheter also furnishes shaky information on cardiac preloading [1,2], and its use as a gold standard for comparisons with other methods of measuring CO raises several questions. Indeed, in 1990 the European Society of Cardiology pinpointed the dilution method using a dye such as indocyanine green, with spectrophotometric evaluation of serial assays, as the gold standard.


Cardiac Output Indocyanine Green Haemodynamic Parameter Critical Patient Haemodynamic Status 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Allaria
  • M. Favaro
  • M. Resta

There are no affiliations available

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