Anesthesiologist as Manager in the U.S.A.: The Ambulatory Surgery Experience

  • B. K. Philip


Ambulatory surgical procedures represent a large and increasing fraction of all surgery performed in the U.S.A. Between 1980 and 1990, ambulatory procedures increased from 13% to 51% of all surgery done in U.S.A. hospitals (1). This represents an increase from 3.2 million to 11.7 million operations per year. Also, in 1990 there were 1364 freestanding ambulatory surgery centers which performed an additional 2.3 million procedures. We are seeing the continuing shift of more complex patients and procedures from the inpatient hospital to the outpatient setting.


Ambulatory Surgery Recovery Area Discharge Instruction Ambulatory Anesthesia Ambulatory Surgery Center 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Schneidman DS (ed) (1993) Socio-economic factbook of surgery 1993. American Colleges of Surgeons, ChicagoGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Philip BK (1990) Ambulatory anesthesia. Semin Surg Oncol 6:177–183PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Philip BK (1992) Patients’ assessment of ambulatory anesthesia and surgery. J Clin Anesth 4: 355–358PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Philip BK (1985) Starting up a hospital-based ambulatory surgery program. In: Successful management of ambulatory surgery programs, Vol II. American Health Consultants, Atlanta, pp 176–184Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Philip BK, Covino BG (1990) Local and regional anesthesia. In: Wetchler BV (ed) Anesthesia for ambulatory surgery. Lippincott, Philadelphia, pp 309–365Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Philip BK (1990) Local anesthesia and sedation for adult outpatients. In: White PF (ed) Outpatient anesthesia. Churchill Livingstone, New York, pp 263–291Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Philip BK (1995) Monitored anesthesia. In: McGoldrick KE (ed) Ambulatory anesthesiology: a problem-oriented approach. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 387–398Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lichtiger M, Wetchler BV, Philip BK (1985) Management of the adult and geriatric patient. In: Wetchler BV (ed) Anesthesia for ambulatory surgery. Lippincott, Philadelphia, pp 175–224Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Philip BK (1995) General anesthesia. In: Twersky RS (ed) The ambulatory anesthesia handbook. Mosby, St. Louis, pp 203–207Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia, Milano 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. K. Philip

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations